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Support AIDS is improving "everywhere" in the world , according to UN agencies

Universal access to care of HIV-AIDS is possible in countries with low and middle income. That's the message put forward by the joint annual report of the World Health Organization (WHO), UNAIDS and UNICEF, published Tuesday, September 28. He highlighted the "remarkable progress recorded in Eastern and Southern Africa, the region hardest hit by HIV," and sees "reasons for hope." UN agencies, however, note that the goal of universal access will not be met on schedule.

In 2006, member states United Nations pledged to achieve "by 2010 the goal of universal access to prevention of HIV infection, treatment and the care and support for patients." Universal access is defined as coverage of at least 80% of the population who need treatment or services (testing, prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child).

This fourth annual report gives a positive review in late 2009 to expand access to prevention, treatment and management of HIV infection. "We see progress everywhere, with a coverage of 36% of the population for antiretrovirals and over 50% for prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child, "said Dr. Yves Souteyrand, HIV / AIDS department of the WHO. In 2005 and 2008, the percentage of HIV positive mothers receiving treatment to prevent contamination of their children was respectively 15% and 45%. If it increases, the proportion of pregnant women receiving a screening test of HIV infection remains low, it increased from 7% in 2005 to 21% in 2008 and 26% in 2009.

At the end of 2009, 5.24 million people were receiving antiretroviral drugs in countries with low or middle income, 1.2 million more than at the end of 2008. The coverage rate rose from 28% in late December 2008 to 36% at the end of 2009, if we apply the new recommendations, formulated in 2009-2010, which recommend starting treatment earlier. A criterion that increases the number of people treated. With the old criteria, the rate would reach 52% by the end of 2009.

Eight countries - Botswana, Cambodia, Croatia, Cuba, Guyana, Oman, Romania and Rwanda - have achieved universal access, while 21 others are approaching with a coverage rate from 50% to 80 %. The highest increase was recorded for sub-Saharan Africa with almost one million more people e treatment, an increase of one third. But, says Yves Souteyrand, there is a gap between the progress above the world average observed in South Africa and the East for almost all interventions and those more modest in West Africa and Central Africa.

For Doctor Souteyrand, these data illustrate the need to consolidate the benefits in terms of health and impact on mortality. This comes at a time when international funding to fight against AIDS are rather stable while the deficit to cover the needs of antiretroviral therapy is 10 billion euros according to UNAIDS.

Source World